In the world history, this era lasted from 5th to the the 15th century. It all began with the fall of Western Roman Empire.This era is divided itself into the Early, High and the Late Middle Ages.
Population decline, counterurbanisation, invasion, and movement of peoples which had begun near the end of 4th century, continued in the Early Middle Ages . in the seventh century, North Africa and the Middle East came under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate, an Islamic empire, after conquest by Muhammad’s successors.
During the high middle ages, the population of world increased greately as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish. The crusaders first preached in 1095, were military attempts by western european christians to regain control of the Holy Land from muslims. Kings became the heads of centralised nation states, reducing crime and violence but making the ideal of a unified christendom. Theology of Thomas Aquinas, Paintings of Giotto, Poetry of Dante and Chaucer, travels of Marco Polo and the gothic adventures of Charters are among the outstanding achievments towards the end of the period and into the Late Middle Ages.
The Late middle Ages was marked by difficulties and calmities including famine, plague and war, which significantly diminished the population of Europe; between 1347 – 1350,the black death killed about a third of
Europeans.Cultural and technological advancement led to the beginning of Renaissance era.